We ask participants in the symposium to please sign the Middlebury consent form for recording the event. This allows us to document the symposium for potential use in the first digital roundtable on concepts in Atlantic World history or for any subsequent forums. If you have any questions about the form, please contact Michael Kramer, director of the AWF project.
Hi Symposium Participants:
An updated schedule is now available. We have incorporated a talk on campus by André Aciman being presented by the Creative Writing Program as part of the symposium. While not exactly an Atlantic World figure in the conventional sense, Aciman’s scholarship and career are certainly transnational, and criss-cross Atlantic literary, political, and cultural worlds, so we are glad to clear out time for his talk as part of the symposium.
Welcome to the website for the Atlantic World Forum Kickoff Symposium: Intercultural Scholarly Dialogues About Atlantic World Cultural Histories, taking place at Middlebury College’s Rohatyn Center for Global Affairs at the Robert A. Jones ’59 House as well as at Davis Family Library 105B on Tuesday-Wednesday, October 16-17, 2018.
Better understanding Alan Lomax as a transatlantic figure in order to ask new questions about both his significance within the study of folk music and to better understand the connections between transatlantic cultural study and ideas of internationalism as the so-called US Pax Americana emerged out of WWII. Also how technologies, from radio to the digital computer itself, figured in this story.
Lomax in the US South 1930s
- field recording trips with father John Lomax for Library of Congress
- Important relationships with Zora Neale Hurston and Mary Elizabeth Barnacle, among others
- works in New Deal media efforts, cultural front, WWII media efforts, trying to use radio as a 2-way communications medium, notions of cultural democracy within anti-fascist ideology broadly conceived
- very much a 1930s “regionalist”
- first writings are in travelogue style, with dialect
- radical politics at Harvard, perhaps even earlier around Austin, Texas?
- recording African Americas at Parchman and other prisons
- Huddie Leadbetter
Key trips to the Caribbean late 1930s/early 1940s
- these field recording trips may be very crucial to Lomax’s changing sense of folksong beyond the US
- the role of the Caribbean in transatlantic cultural history: how do we continue to historicize this area in relation to new conceptualizations of circulations and flows? How does it relate to legacies and continued force of colonialism, to Gilroy’s Black Atlantic scholarship, to Joseph Roach’s circum-atlantic framework, to other scholarly framings?
- How does that framework relate to ideas and politics and economics of liberal internationalism emerging in the US during and after WWII from its earlier so-called isolationism (in fact already an imperial power, and a colonial entity its entire history)? But…internationalism as a 1930s/40s development (think United Nations) in its cultural forms as a modernist movement keenly interested in certain configurations of tradition.
To London and UK field recording trips in early 1950s
- in part due to anti-communist Red Scare in USA
- BBC radio
- Field recording trips around Ireland, Scotland, England and competition with other folklorists
Spanish and Italian field recording trips in mid and late 1950s
- Ideas of a global song style comparative anthropological approach begin to emerge more fully, Lomax as a transnational figure
- What did it mean to be moving through rural areas as an American folklorist in immediate years after WWII? Lomax thought he was hearing the last vestiges of an older European folk culture (a typical folkloric imagining), but how much had the influence of transnational cultural circulations reached in the mid 1950s?
Back to US in 1959.
- development of computational “cantometrics” global folk song style project in early 1960s-2002.
- the influence of Ray Birdwhistell and kinesics concepts from linguistics: communication happens through far more than simply meaning of language, all the other cues. The key idea for Lomax: song style (not just the words, but the whole mode of expression of a song) is actually quite repetitive and stable and collectively shaped, so potentially contains information about long stretches of cultural formation and meaning. Also Margaret Mead‘s influence.
- Later field trips to West Africa and deep interest in African music and culture.
- leads to the Global Jukebox project, CD-Rom and then, posthumously, a website.
Our opening discussion focuses on conceptual approaches to the Atlantic World itself, including comparisons of the rich range of literatures on the transatlantic, circum-Atlantic, cis-Atlantic, and trans-oceanic; on the diasporic; on the Black Atlantic; on the Lusophone, Hispanophone, Francophone, or Anglophone worlds; on imperialism, colonialism, postcolonialism, and acts of decolonizing; on material culture, symbolic exchange, linguistic approaches, environmental studies, and the history of capitalism; and on the Global South in relation to the Atlantic World.
Readings (available as pdfs for participants–please email firstname.lastname@example.org):
- Lara Putnam, “To Study the Fragments/Whole: Microhistory and the Atlantic World,” Journal of Social History 39, 3 [Special Issue on the Future of Social History] (Spring, 2006), 615-630
- Lara Putnam, “The Transnational and the Text-Searchable: Digitized Sources and the Shadows They Cast,” American Historical Review 121, 2 (April 2016), 377–402
- Bernard Bailyn, “The Idea of Atlantic History,” Atlantic History: Concept and Contours (Harvard University Press, 206), 3-56
- Paul Gilroy, “The Black Atlantic as a Counterculture of Modernity,” The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double-Consciousness (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993), 1-40
- Brent Hayes Edwards, “The Uses of Diaspora,” Social Text 19, 1 (2001), 45-73
- Charles Piot, “Atlantic Aporias: Africa and Gilroy’s Black Atlantic,” South Atlantic Quarterly 100, 1 (2001): 155-170
- Walter D. Mignolo, “The Geopolitics of Knowledge and the Colonial Difference,” South Atlantic Quarterly 101, 1 (2002): 57-96
- Laurent Dubois and Julius S. Scott, “Introduction,” in Origins of the Black Atlantic, eds. Laurent Dubois and Julius S. Scott (New York: Routledge, 2009), 1-6